Clopidogrel bisulfate and aspirin are routinely administered as dual antiplatelet agents for many neurointerventional procedures, especially for intravascular stent placement. Many patients are non-responsive to clopidogrel, either secondary to drug interactions or from variations of cytochrome P450 enzymes. Prasugrel (brand name Effient, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA) is a new antiplatelet agent that has been utilized extensively in patients undergoing cardiovascular procedures but its safety and efficacy during neurointerventional procedures have not been evaluated.Objective
To examine whether prasugrel is a safe and effective alternative to clopidogrel for neurointerventional procedures, especially in those patients who are either non-responders or allergic to clopidogrel.Methods
The medical records of all patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures at our institution who received prasugrel between January 2009 and July 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. A systematic chart review was performed and the following data were recorded: demographics, aneurysm location, endovascular techniques, peri- and post-procedural complications, hemorrhagic complications, clinical outcome and angiographic outcome.Results
16 patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures received prasugrel over a 2 year interval. All patients who had follow-up studies of P2Y12 inhibition had immediate therapeutic response to prasugrel. There were no complications related to ischemic or intracranial hemorrhage.Conclusion
Prasugrel is a viable alternative to clopidogrel for patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures who are non-responders to clopidogrel. Further study is needed to evaluate the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of prasugrel compared with clopidogrel for patients undergoing neurointerventional procedures.