Compaction of flow diverters improves occlusion of experimental wide-necked aneurysms

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IntroductionFlow diverters (FDs) are increasingly used in the treatment of wide-necked aneurysms.ObjectiveTo examine the hypothesis that intentional FD compaction might improve aneurysm occlusion rates.MethodsBilateral wide-necked carotid aneurysms were created in 12 dogs. Endovascular treatment was performed 1 month later, using Pipeline embolization devices deployed with compaction across the aneurysm neck (n=12). Group 1a consisted of aneurysms treated with a single compacted FD (n=8), while group 1b aneurysms required two compacted FDs (n=4). Control aneurysms were treated with a single non-compacted FD (group 3; n=6), or not treated (group 4; n=4). Angiographic results were compared at 3 months. Pathology specimens were photographed and the neointimal coverage of devices scored using an ordinal grading system.ResultsTwenty-two of 24 aneurysms were patent at 1 month. Deployment with compaction was successful in eight cases (group 1a aneurysms). The compaction maneuver led to immediate FD prolapse into the aneurysm in four cases, rescued by deploying a second, telescoping FD (forming group 1b aneurysms). One compacted device later migrated distally, leaving the aneurysm untreated. Angiographic results differed significantly between groups (p=0.0002). At 3 months, aneurysms successfully treated with a single compacted FD were more often occluded at 3 months (7/7) than aneurysms flow-diverted without compaction (2/6; p=0.021). All aneurysms treated with two compacted FDs were occluded, while all untreated aneurysms remained patent. There were no parent vessel stenoses.ConclusionsCompaction of FDs can improve angiographic occlusion of experimental wide-necked aneurysms.

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