Morphological characteristics associated with the rupture risk of mirror posterior communicating artery aneurysms

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Abstract

Objective

Patient related clinical factors and intracranial aneurysms (IAs) at different locations may lead to statistical bias when investigating the rupture risk of IAs. Thus the purpose of this study was to identify the morphological parameters that are related to the rupture of mirror posterior communicating artery aneurysms (PComAAs).

Methods

Between August 2011 and July 2017, 68 patients with mirror PComAAs and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage were diagnosed by CT angiography at three medical centers. Morphological characteristics for PComAAs included bifurcation, shape, neck width, width, depth, maximum size, flow angle, parent vessel diameter, aspect ratio (AR), depth/width ratio, bottleneck factor, and size ratio (SR). Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the independent risk factors for rupture. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to obtain the optimal thresholds.

Results

AR (OR 5.623) and SR (OR 5.570) were more commonly observed in the ruptured cohort. The threshold values of AR and SR were 0.98 and 1.21, respectively.

Conclusions

Mirror PComAAs are a useful model to investigate the rupture risk of PComAAs. AR (≥0.98) and SR (≥1.21) are better predictors of ruptured PComAAs.

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