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Given the important role of continuing bonds (CBs) in bereavement adjustment, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between CBs and bereavement adjustment and identify influences on CB among bereaved mainland Chinese. The Continuing Bonds Scale, Prolonged Grief Questionnaire 13, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory were administered to 273 bereaved participants. Findings in the current study suggest psychometric validity of the Continuing Bonds Scale in a mainland Chinese sample and confirm that externalized CB is positively associated with severity of grief symptoms, and internalized CB is positively associated with the respondent degree of posttraumatic growth and identifies influences on externalized CB and internalized CB. These findings clarify the complex influence of CB in grieving process and highlight the need of incorporating CB into grief counseling.