Motor Dysfunction as a Risk Factor for Conversion to Psychosis Independent of Medication Use in a Psychosis-Risk Cohort

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The Structured Interview for Psychosis-Risk Syndromes (SIPS) contains criteria for the Attenuated Positive Symptom Syndrome (APSS), a period of subthreshold positive symptoms that predates full-blown psychosis. Motor abnormalities are often associated with these symptoms but have not been adequately studied. We assessed a diverse sample of 192 APSS participants (27.1% female; 47.9% white; mean age = 20.03 years) for motor dysfunction (SIPS G.3. score) at baseline and conversion to psychosis every 3 months for up to 2 years. Fifty-nine (30.7%) participants converted to psychosis. Baseline G.3. score was significantly higher among converters than nonconverters (mean difference = 0.66; t[95.929] = 2.579, p < 0.05). No significant differences in baseline G.3. were found between demographic groups or those with differential medication use. These results point to the use of G.3. as a potential predictor of psychosis among APSS individuals and potentially implicate the shared biological underpinnings of motor dysfunction in the APSS and full-blown psychotic illnesses.

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