Can Religious Coping and Depressive Symptoms Predict Clinical Outcome and Quality of Life in Panic Disorder? A Brazilian Longitudinal Study

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Abstract

Few studies have investigated the relationship between spiritual/religious coping (S/R coping) and panic disorder (PD). This Brazilian longitudinal study evaluated if S/R coping and depressive symptoms can predict PD remission and improved quality of life (QoL). There were 101 outpatients with PD who were followed up for 12 to 16 weeks. The prevalence ratio (PR) between positive S/R coping and negative S/R coping and PD remission was assessed, as well as the association between positive S/R coping and negative S/R coping and QoL. After adjusting for confounding factors, positive S/R coping presented an inverse PR with PD remission, which was not statistically significant (0.88; p = 0.075). There was no association between S/R coping and QoL. Depressive symptoms were negatively associated with PD remission (PR = 0.97; p < 0.01) and were not predictive of a better QoL.

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