Background and Purpose: The major purposes of the study are revision of the Nursing Educational Motivation and Barriers Inventory (NEMBI) and translation of it into Arabic. Methods: NEMBI was translated into Arabic, then back-translated to ensure the accuracy of the translation. The translation and back-translation of NEMBI were accurate and identical. A panel of experts provided content validation. Reliability was evaluated in a pilot test. For the larger study, 158 Saudi nurses completed the NEMBI. Results: Exploratory factor analysis yielded 8 factors. NEMBI is a valid and reliable tool for use in Arabic-speaking populations. Conclusion: As nursing education is transformed in Arabicspeaking norms, this tool provides a valid and reliable means for examining motivational factors that influence nurses' decision to return to school to advance their education.