Confirmation of the Validity of theRelational Coordination Surveyas a Measure of the WorkEnvironment in a National Sample ofInfection Preventionists

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Abstract

Background:

Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Prevention of HAIs requires multifaceted approaches that consider the work environment in which interventions are implemented.

Purpose:

This study assessed the construct validity of the Relational Coordination Survey (RCS) as a measure of the work environment in infection prevention departments.

Methods:

Data were obtained from 614 infection preventionists (IPs). Factor analysis and structural equation modeling tested the hypothesized model.

Results:

Cronbach's alpha for the 28-item RCS was .91. Factor analyses confirmed a four-factor solution that explained 58.17% of the variance. The fit indices for the model indicated an adequate fit, χ2(346) = 699.38, p < .00; comparative fit index = .94; root mean square error of approximation = .06.

Conclusions:

The RCS may be a useful tool for measuring aspects of the work environment for IPs.

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