Validation of the Urdu Version ofWagnild and Young's Long andShort Resilience Scales Among20- to 40-Year-Old Married WomenLiving in Urban Squatter Settlements ofKarachi, Pakistan

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Background:There were no instrument exists in South Asia to assess resilience. Thus, this study assessed the validity and reliability of the Urdu version of Wagnild and Young's long and short Resilience Scales.Methods:Study was carried out in two urban squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan. Resilience Scales were validated against the depression, anxiety, and life satisfaction scales among 20- to 40-year-old married women. Sample size for validity and reliability were 636 and 319.Results:Moderate negative correlation with the depression and anxiety and moderate positive significant correlation with life satisfaction were found with both scales. The test-retest correlation were .54 and .49, respectively. Internal consistency were found acceptable. Concurrent validity were .729 and .813.Conclusions:Study found a valid and reliable resilience scale in Urdu language.

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