Psychometric Testing of theFrench Language Qualityof Prenatal Care Questionnaire

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Abstract

Background and Purpose:

To assess the psychometrics of the French language Quality of Prenatal Care Questionnaire (QPCQ).

Methods:

Data from 302 women were used in a confirmatory factor analysis and in assessment of construct validity through hypothesis testing and internal consistency reliability using Cronbach's alpha.

Results:

The 6 factors (subscales) were verified and confirmed. Hypothesis testing further supported construct validity. The overall QPCQ had acceptable internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha = .97) as did 5 subscales (Cronbach's alpha = .70-.92); the Sufficient Time subscale had poorer reliability (Cronbach's alpha = .61).

Conclusions:

The French language QPCQ is a valid and reliable self-report measure of prenatal care quality. It can be used in research and in quality improvement work to strengthen prenatal care services.

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