Predictors for being offered epilepsy surgery: 5-year experience of a tertiary referral centre

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Abstract

Objectives

To define factors that predict whether patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy are offered epilepsy surgery (including invasive EEG) and the main reasons for not proceeding with these after non-invasive presurgical evaluation.

Methods

We retrospectively analysed data from 612 consecutive patients with focal epilepsy admitted to a video-EEG Telemetry Unit for presurgical evaluation, and used a multivariate logistic regression model to assess the predictive value of factors for being offered potentially curative surgery.

Results

In the multivariate analysis, bilateral lesions on MRI (OR: 0.10; 95% CI 0.03 to 0.24), no lesion (OR: 0.33; 95% CI 0.22 to 0.49) or extratemporal lobe epilepsy (OR: 0.30; 95% CI 0.20 to 0.45) were the only factors that significantly reduced the probability of being offered surgery. 32% of patients who were offered epilepsy surgery decided against proceeding.

Conclusions

There was a low chance (<10%) of being offered surgery if there were bilateral lesions on MRI and extratemporal lobe epilepsy. Patients should be given advice on the risk/benefit ratio and of realistic outcomes of epilepsy surgery; this may help reduce the number of patients who refuse surgery after comprehensive workup.

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