PPTX, a Pentraxin Domain-Containing Protein, Interacts With the T1 Domain of Kv4

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Abstract

Voltage-gated K+ (Kv) channels reside as tetramers in the membrane. The events that coordinate folding, trafficking, and tetramerization are mediated by an array of associated proteins and phospholipids whose identification is vital to understanding the dynamic nature of channel expression and activity. An interaction between an A-type K+ channel, Kv4.2, and a protein containing a pentraxin domain (PPTX) was demonstrated in the cochlea (Duzhyy et al. [2005] J. Biol. Chem. 280:15165-15172). Here, we present results based on fold recognition and homology modeling that revealed the tetramerization (T1) domain of Kv4.2 as a potential docking site for interacting proteins such as PPTX. By using this model, putative sites were experimentally tested with the yeast two-hybrid system to assay interactions between PPTX and the T1 domain of Kv4.2 wild type (wt) and mutants (mut). Results showed that amino acid residues 86 and 118 in the T1 domain are essential for interaction, because replacing these negatively charged with neutrally charged amino acids inhibits interactions. Cotransfections of Chinese hamster ovary cells with PPTX and Kv4.2wt further revealed that PPTX increases Kv4.2wt expression in vitro when analyzing total lysates, whereas interactions with Kv4.2mut resulted in a decrease. These studies suggest that portions of the T1 domain can act as docking sites for proteins such as PPTX, further underscoring the significance of this domain.

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