The role of leadership in the implementation of person-centred care using Dementia Care Mapping: a study in three nursing homes

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Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of leadership in the implementation of person-centred care (PCC) in nursing homes using Dementia Care Mapping (DCM).

Background

Leadership is important for the implementation of nursing practice. However, the empirical knowledge of positive leadership in processes enhancing person-centred culture of care in nursing homes is limited.

Method

The study has a qualitative descriptive design. The DCM method was used in three nursing homes. Eighteen staff members and seven leaders participated in focus-group interviews centring on the role of leadership in facilitating the development process.

Results

The different roles of leadership in the three nursing homes, characterized as ‘highly professional’, ‘market orientated’ or ‘traditional’, seemed to influence to what extent the DCM process led to successful implementation of PCC.

Conclusion and Implications for Nursing Management

This study provided useful information about the influence of leadership in the implementation of person-centred care in nursing homes. Leaders should be active role models, expound a clear vision and include and empower all staff in the professional development process.

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