Partitioning of the primate intraparietal cortex based on connectivity pattern and immunohistochemistry for Cat-301 and SMI-32

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Abstract

We propose a partitioning of the primate intraparietal sulcus (IPS) using immunoarchitectural and connectivity criteria. We studied the immunoarchitecture of the IPS areas in the capuchin monkey using Cat-301 and SMI-32 immunohistochemistry. In addition, we investigated the IPS projections to areas V4, TEO, PO, and MT using retrograde tracer injections in nine hemispheres of seven animals. The pattern and distribution of Cat-301 and SMI-32 immunostaining revealed multiple areas in the IPS, in the adjoining PO cleft and in the annectant gyrus, with differential staining patterns found for areas V3d, DM, V3A, DI, PO, POd, CIP-1, CIP-2, VIPa, VIPp, LIPva, LIPvp, LIPda, LIPdp, PIPv, PIPd, MIPv, MIPd, AIPda, AIPdp, and AIPv. Areas V4, TEO, PO, MT, which belong to different cortical streams of visual information processing, receive projections from at least twenty different areas within the IPS and adjoining regions. In six animals, we analyzed the distribution of retrogradely labeled cells in tangential sections of flat-mount IPS preparations. The lateral bank of the IPS projects to regions belonging both to the ventral (V4 and TEO) and dorsal (PO and MT) streams. The region on the floor of the IPS (i.e., VIP) projects predominantly to dorsal stream areas. Finally, the medial bank of the IPS (i.e., MIP) projects solely to the dorsalmedial stream (PO). Therefore, our data suggest that ventral and dorsal streams remain segregated within the IPS, and that its projections to the dorsal stream can be further segregated based on those targeting the dorsolateral versus the dorsomedial subdivisions.

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