Nano-fibrous scaffold for controlled delivery of recombinant human PDGF-BB

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Abstract

The localized and temporally controlled delivery of growth factors is key to achieving optimal clinical efficacy. In sophisticated tissue engineering strategies, the biodegradable scaffold is preferred to serve as both a three-dimensional (3-D) substrate and a growth factor delivery vehicle to promote cellular activity and enhance tissue neogenesis. This study presents a novel approach to fabricate tissue engineering scaffolds capable of controlled growth factor delivery whereby growth factor containing microspheres were incorporated into 3-D scaffolds with good mechanical properties, well-interconnected macroporous and nano-fibrous structures. The microspheres were uniformly distributed throughout the nano-fibrous scaffold and their incorporation did not interfere the macro-, micro-, and nanostructures of the scaffold. The release kinetics of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) from microspheres and scaffolds was investigated using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA50) microspheres with different molecular weights (6.5 and 64kDa, respectively) and microsphere-incorporated poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nano-fibrous scaffolds. Incorporation of microspheres into scaffolds significantly reduced the initial burst release. Sustained release from several days to months was achieved through different microspheres in scaffolds. Released PDGF-BB was demonstrated to possess biological activity as evidenced by stimulation of human gingival fibroblast DNA synthesis in vitro. The successful generation of 3-D nano-fibrous scaffold incorporating controlled-release factors indicates significant potential for more complex tissue regeneration.

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