Nano-fibrous scaffold for controlled delivery of recombinant human PDGF-BB

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The localized and temporally controlled delivery of growth factors is key to achieving optimal clinical efficacy. In sophisticated tissue engineering strategies, the biodegradable scaffold is preferred to serve as both a three-dimensional (3-D) substrate and a growth factor delivery vehicle to promote cellular activity and enhance tissue neogenesis. This study presents a novel approach to fabricate tissue engineering scaffolds capable of controlled growth factor delivery whereby growth factor containing microspheres were incorporated into 3-D scaffolds with good mechanical properties, well-interconnected macroporous and nano-fibrous structures. The microspheres were uniformly distributed throughout the nano-fibrous scaffold and their incorporation did not interfere the macro-, micro-, and nanostructures of the scaffold. The release kinetics of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) from microspheres and scaffolds was investigated using poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA50) microspheres with different molecular weights (6.5 and 64kDa, respectively) and microsphere-incorporated poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nano-fibrous scaffolds. Incorporation of microspheres into scaffolds significantly reduced the initial burst release. Sustained release from several days to months was achieved through different microspheres in scaffolds. Released PDGF-BB was demonstrated to possess biological activity as evidenced by stimulation of human gingival fibroblast DNA synthesis in vitro. The successful generation of 3-D nano-fibrous scaffold incorporating controlled-release factors indicates significant potential for more complex tissue regeneration.

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