Copper–topotecan complexation mediates drug accumulation into liposomes

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

These studies describe the role of transition metal ions in the liposomal encapsulation of topotecan. Liposomes (1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC) and cholesterol (CH) (55:45, mole ratio)) were prepared with manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn) or cobalt (Co) ion gradients (metal inside). Subsequently, topotecan was added to the liposome exterior (final drug-to-lipid ratio (mol/mol) of 0.2) and drug encapsulation was measured as a function of time and temperature. No drug loading was achieved with liposomes containing Co or Zn. Topotecan could be encapsulated into Mn-containing liposomes only in the presence of the ionophore, A23187 suggesting that a transmembrane pH gradient was necessary. However, Cu-containing liposomes, in the presence or absence of an imposed pH gradient, efficiently encapsulated topotecan. It has been reported that Cu(II) can form transition metal complexes with camptothecin; therefore, the Cu–topotecan interaction was characterized in solution as a function of pH. These investigations demonstrated that topotecan inhibited formation of an insoluble Cu hydroxide precipitate. Cryo-TEM analysis of the topotecan-loaded Cu liposomes showed electron-dense intravesicular precipitates. Further studies demonstrated that only the active lactone form of the drug was encapsulated and this form predominated in Cu-containing liposomes. Copper complexation reactions define a viable methodology to prepare liposomal camptothecin formulations.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles