PLGAs bearing carboxylated side chains: Novel matrix formers with improved properties for controlled drug delivery

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Abstract

Novel PLGA derivatives bearing carboxylated side chains have been synthesized and used to encapsulate the fragile drug apomorphine HCl with a solid-in-oil-in-water solvent extraction/evaporation method. Blends of d,l-lactide and l-3-(2-Benzyloxycarbonyl)Ethyl-1,4-Dioxane-2,5-dione (BED) were co-polymerized at different ratios via ring-opening using benzyl alcohol as initiator. Optionally, the ester groups in the side chains as well as the terminal ester groups were hydrogenolyzed (leading to free −COOH groups). For reasons of comparison, different types of “conventional” PLGAs were also synthesized and used for apomorphine HCl encapsulation. The polymers and microparticles were thoroughly characterized using SEC, 1H NMR, DSC, SEM, X-ray and laser diffraction, Headspace-GC as well as in vitro drug release measurements in flow-through cells and agitated flasks. Importantly, microparticles based on the new polymers bearing carboxylic groups in the polymeric side chains: (i) allowed a significant reduction of the amount of residual solvent (dichloromethane), and (ii) provided different types of drug release patterns compared to microparticles based on “conventional” PLGAs (at least partially due to altered polymer degradation kinetics). Thus, they offer an interesting potential as novel matrix formers in controlled drug delivery systems, overcoming potential shortcomings of standard PLGAs.

Graphical abstract

PLGAs bearing carboxylated side chains can help overcoming potential shortcomings of standard PLGAs.

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