Potential use of polymers and their complexes as media for storage and delivery of fragrances

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The use of fragrances is often essential to create an elegant, welcoming, or exhilarating environment. Through encapsulation, the release and delivery of fragrances are customized in many consumer products. For such purposes, cost-effective techniques have been developed and employed with the use of various polymers and porous organic materials to efficiently impart fragrances to foods and various other consumer products. After entrapment or uptake/storage of fragrant molecules within a polymeric complex, the properties can be investigated by automated thermal desorption (ATD) analysis. For efficient delivery, fragrances are adsorbed (or entrapped) in some media (e.g., fabric or paper). The release of such entrapped fragrances usually is achieved by spraying. Fragrances can be also loaded in a media by purging aroma gases or by adding fragrance essence directly into a liquid medium. Porous materials, such as zeolites, have been traditionally used for air purification as well as in cosmetics and similar applications. Similarly, other polymeric porous complexes have also been used in fragrance delivery as a templating agent for aromatherapy textiles. Such polymeric materials offer an advantage in terms of development of new hybrid blends via homogenous mixing of two or more matrices. Such blends may possess different desirable physical properties as encapsulants. This review article is aimed at presenting an overview of polymers and their complexes as the main media of fragrance encapsulation. This study also discusses the expansion and future application of porous materials as host matrices for fragrances.

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