Case of chromoblastomycosis with pulmonary involvement

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Chromoblastomycosis is a slowly growing chronic cutaneous mycosis associated with a variety of cutaneous lesions. Extra-dermal involvement is rare. A 58-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with nausea, vomiting, weakness and a history of weight loss. On inspection, he had a large verrucous mass in the sacral region, and two large subcutaneous nodules in the anterior thoracic wall. He claimed the lesions were several years old. Biopsy and histological studies were positive for chromoblastomycosis. Routine chest radiography showed hilar enlargement, and a chest computed tomography was ordered. Pulmonary nodules were evident, and endoscopically acquired samples were also positive for chromoblastomycosis. Extra-dermal and systemic involvement in chromoblastomycosis is exceedingly rare and often associated with immunosuppression. There is only one other case of pulmonary chromoblastomycosis reported in the published work.

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