Working Conditions and Depressive Symptoms: A Prospective Study of US Adults

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective:

Prior longitudinal studies of negative working conditions and depression generally have used a single exposure indicator, such as job strain, and have required consistent availability of the measure across waves and selection of only those working at all measurement points.

Methods:

Up to four waves of the Americans' Changing Lives study (1986 to 2001/2) and item-response theory (IRT) models were used to generate wave-specific measures of negative working conditions. Random-intercept linear mixed models assessed the association between the score and depressive symptoms.

Results:

Adjusting for covariates, negative working conditions were associated with significantly greater depressive symptoms.

Conclusions:

A summary score of negative working conditions allowed the use of all available working conditions measures and predicted depressive symptoms in a nationally representative sample of US workers observed for up to 15 years. Linear mixed models also allowed retention of intermittent workers.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles