To investigate the associations between occupations and head and neck (HN) cancer risk in men.Methods:
ICARE is a French population-based case–control study on HN cancer. Analyses included 1833 cases and 2747 controls. Complete occupational history was collected. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated for occupations and industries ever held and according to duration of employment.Results:
Elevated ORs, increasing with duration of employment, were observed for several occupations, including cleaners (OR = 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0 to 2.8), launderers (OR = 6.8; CI, 1.3 to 34.4), firefighters (OR = 3.9; CI, 1.4 to 11.2), several agricultural occupations, welders (OR = 1.9; CI, 1.3 to 2.8), structural metal preparers and erectors (OR = 2.1; CI, 1.2 to 3.7), rubber workers (OR = 2.0; CI, 1.0 to 3.9), several construction occupations, and material-handling equipment operators (OR = 1.8; CI, 1.1 to 2.9). Analyses by industry corroborated these findings.Conclusions:
These results confirmed the role of occupational exposures in HN cancer.