The Association Between Worksite Physical Environment and Employee Nutrition, and Physical Activity Behavior and Weight Status

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Abstract

Objective:

To explore the relationship between worksite physical environment and employee dietary intake, physical activity behavior, and weight status.

Methods:

Two trained research assistants completed audits (Checklist of Health Promotion Environments at Worksites) at each worksite (n = 28). Employees (n = 6261) completed a brief health survey before participation in a weight loss program.

Results:

Employees' access to outdoor areas was directly associated with lower body mass index (BMI), whereas access to workout facilities within a worksite was associated with higher BMI. The presence of a cafeteria and fewer vending machines was directly associated with better eating habits. Better eating habits and meeting physical activity recommendations were both related to lower BMI.

Conclusions:

Selected environmental factors in worksites were significantly associated with employee behaviors and weight status, providing additional intervention targets to change the worksite environment and promote employee weight loss.

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