Psychosocial Working Conditions and Sickness Absence in a General Population: A Cohort Study of 21,834 Workers in Norway (The HUNT Study)

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Abstract

Objective:

To examine the associations between psychosocial working conditions and sickness absence.

Methods:

Data for 21,834 employed adults from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) were linked to the sickness benefit register and sickness absence during 1 year after survey participation was analyzed with logistic regression.

Results:

A one unit change on a 0 to 3 self-reported job demand scale was associated with a fully adjusted 24% and 25% increased odds of sickness absence in men and women, respectively. A one unit change on a 0 to 3 scale for self-reported support at work was associated with a fully adjusted 13% and 17% reduced odds of sickness absence in men and women, respectively.

Conclusions:

The results of this study indicate that demands, and to some extent support, at work might influence sickness absence—also when adjusting for a detailed categorization of occupations.

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