Worksite Prevalence of (un)Diagnosed Cardiovascular Risk Factors From a Health-Check-Program in An Austrian Company

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Abstract

Objective:

This investigation aims to determine cardiovascular disease risk profile in a cohort of employees.

Methods:

In 704 participants, within the Special Institute for Preventive Cardiology And Nutrition health-check-program, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure (BP), lipids, glucose, and 10-year cardiovascular disease risk were assessed.

Results:

Mean age was 37 (10) years (20% women) with 25.5 (3.9) kg/m2. A total of 38% demonstrated overweight, 44% abdominal obesity, 12% obesity, and 19% metabolic syndrome. We found a significant difference in increased BP versus diagnosed hypertension (47% vs 14%; P < 0.001). Increasing age was a significant predictor of metabolic syndrome (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 1.08 [1.06 to 1.10]; P < 0.001). Ten percent had intermediate and 8% high cardiovascular disease risk. A total of 79% demonstrated at least one risk factor.

Conclusions:

We detected high prevalence of risk factors particularly increased BP and abdominal obesity. Workplace prevention programs should aim in initially identifying risk factors and subsequently improving lifestyle.

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