The Impact of a Novel Structured Health Intervention for Truckers (SHIFT) on Physical Activity and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

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Abstract

Objective:

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of implementing a lifestyle health behavior intervention on cardiovascular risk markers in a sample of lorry drivers.

Methods:

Fifty-seven males participated in the pre-post evaluation of a multicomponent 12-week intervention.

Results:

Favorable changes in several cardiovascular health indicators were observed, including fasting blood glucose (−0.6 mmol/L), LDL-Cholesterol (−0.7 mmol/L), total cholesterol (−0.7 mmol/L), waist-hip ratio (−0.10), and waist circumference (−2.5 cm) (P < 0.01). The proportion of participants with a more than 10% risk of a cardiovascular event in the next 10 years was reduced by 12% (P < 0.05). A 21%, 12%, and 7.5% reduction in drivers with pre-diabetes (P < 0.001), undiagnosed diabetes (P < 0.05), and the metabolic syndrome (P < 0.05), respectively, was observed.

Conclusion:

This study highlights the feasibility of implementing a multicomponent health intervention within the transport setting and provides preliminary evidence of its beneficial effects on some markers of health.

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