Rectovaginal endometriosis is a form of deep infiltrating endometriosis and accounts for 5%-10% of cases. It is a very difficult to treat and can be associated with severe complications.Objectives:
The aim was to document the outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for rectovaginal endometriosis.Methods:
A retrospective audit of 112 consecutive women undergoing laparoscopic surgery for rectovaginal endometriosis at Vincent Pallotti's Aevitas Fertility Clinic was undertaken. Women were identified from a surgical database using medical aid coding and a review of case notes. Patients were telephonically contacted to gather missing information and to assess further outcomes.Results:
The majority of surgeries were performed using the shaving technique, in keeping with international trends, whilst fourteen cases required a segmental resection owing to extensive disease. Complications included rectovaginal fistulas (3 cases), bowel injuries (2 cases), ureteric injury (1 case), a pelvic abscess (1 case), a blood transfusion (1 case) and the need for three urgent re-operations. Of the 71 patients desiring fertility, 39 (54.9%) fell pregnant. Twenty-seven (69.2%) were spontaneous conceptions.Conclusions:
Our outcomes are in keeping with complication rates quoted in the international literature. In trained hands, laparoscopic surgery at our unit is a valid option in the management of rectovaginal endometriosis with similar complication rates and outcomes to international standards.