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Kangaroo care (skin-to-skin holding) is an intervention that meets development care criteria by fostering neurobehavioral development. The five dimensions of neurobehavioral development are autonomic, motor, state, attention/interaction, and self-regulation. Kangaroo care promotes stability of heart and respiratory function, minimizes purposeless movements, improves behavioral state profiles, offers maternal proximity for attention/interaction episodes, and permits self-regulatory behavior expression. Kangaroo care satisfies in part the handling, self-consoling/soothing, nonnutritive sucking, and parenting interventions recommended by the National Association of Neonatal Nurses' Infant and Family-Centered Developmental Care Guidelines.