Specialized Care for Twin Gestations: Improving Newborn Outcomes and Reducing Costs


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Abstract

ObjectiveTo compare newborn outcomes and costs of hospital stays for twins born to mothers receiving care in a specialized twin clinic with a research-based care protocol and one consistent caregiver versus twins whose mothers received standard prenatal care.Design and SettingA retrospective, historical cohort study conducted in a high-risk obstetric clinic in central Texas.PatientsThirty women pregnant with twins received specialized care. The comparison group consisted of 41 women pregnant with twins who received standard care.InterventionsAn advanced practice nurse provided prenatal care, which included weekly clinic visits, home visits, and 24-hour availability for phone support.Outcome MeasuresGestational age at birth, birth weight, length of stay in the neonatal intensivecare unit (NICU), and hospital charges for the newborns.ResultsNo newborns of less than 30 weeks gestation were born to women in the specialized care group, the mean birth weight was 249 g (SD ± 77) higher, days in the NICU were reduced from a mean of 17 to 7, and hospital charges were $30,000 less per infant.ConclusionsNewborn outcomes were improved and length of stay and hospital charges were significantly reduced for newborns whose mothers had received care in the specialized twin clinic.

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