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The purpose of this article is to review the gynecologic conditions encountered among women with HIV and to outline elements of gynecologic care for these women. The most prevalent problems are vulvovaginal candidiasis and cervical dysplasia; however, other sexually transmitted diseases, pelvic inflammatory disease, genital ulcer disease, and menstrual abnormalities are also seen. Drug interactions may limit the effectiveness or increase the toxicities associated with hormonal contraception. Intrauterine devices are contraindicated.