A Concept Analysis of Effective Breastfeeding

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Abstract

Objective

To provide a concept analysis of effective breastfeeding.

Data sources

Medline and CINAHL electronic databases, reference lists from selected articles, and 7 breastfeeding assessment tools. Search terms included the following: breastfeeding and effective, adequate, successful.

Study selection

Literature was selected according to whether the concept of effective breastfeeding was defined or described.

Data extraction

Literature was reviewed and data organized as definitions or descriptions, with descriptions grouped into categories sharing similar characteristics.

Data synthesis

Four characteristics were chosen as essential attributes of effective breastfeeding: positioning, latch, sucking, and milk transfer.

Conclusions

The concept of effective breastfeeding requires further concept development to define and describe effective positioning, latch, sucking, and milk transfer. Future research is needed to determine the relationships between the antecedents, attributes, and consequences of effective breastfeeding. JOGNN, 35, 332-339; 2006. DOI: 10.1111/J.1552-6909.2006.00050.x

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