Perceptions of Electronic Cigarettes Among Medicaid-Eligible Pregnant and Postpartum Women

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



To describe perceptions and beliefs about electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use during pregnancy among pregnant and newly postpartum women.


An exploratory, qualitative descriptive study.


University-affiliated prenatal clinics.


Twelve pregnant or recently postpartum women who reported use of tobacco and electronic cigarettes.


Semistructured focus groups were audio recorded and professionally transcribed. The transcripts were coded to consensus and analyzed with MAXQDA software (version 11) using content analysis.


Four overarching themes emerged: (a) Attraction to E-Cigarettes as a Harm Reduction Strategy, (b) Uncertainty Regarding the Health Effects of E-Cigarettes; (c) Ambivalence Regarding Novel Product Characteristics; and (d) Behaviors Reflected Dual Use and Often Complete Relapse to Traditional Cigarettes.


Pregnant women are initially attracted to e-cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy, but they often return to traditional cigarettes in the postpartum period. Nurses should counsel pregnant women on the adverse effects of fetal exposure to nicotine. Evidence-based nursing interventions are needed to prevent relapse during the postpartum period.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles