Skin-to-Skin Care After Birth for Moderately Preterm Infants

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Abstract

Objective:

To investigate the feasibility and safety of skin-to-skin care after birth for moderately preterm infants.

Design:

Prospective cohort study.

Setting:

The study was conducted at the maternity wards and NICUs of three study sites in Norway.

Participants:

Ninety preterm infants born vaginally with gestational ages of 32 weeks/0 days to 34 weeks/6 days.

Methods:

Comparison of groups of preterm infants who received skin-to-skin care or conventional treatment in incubators after birth.

Results:

Median gestational age and birth weight were similar in the two groups: 33 weeks/5 days versus 34 weeks/3 days (p = .464) and 2,100 versus 2,010 g (p = .519). There were no differences in the first body temperature (p = .841) and blood glucose level (p = .539) between the groups.

Conclusion:

Early skin-to-skin contact in the delivery room for moderately preterm infants may be feasible and safe.

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