Fertility-preserving treatment for patients with malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary

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Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to investigate whether fertility preservation influences the clinical outcome in patients with malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary (MGCTO).

Methods

A case study analysis was performed on patients with MGCTO treated at Kurume University Hospital between 1986 and 2004. Thirty-five patients were included in the study, 14 with immature teratoma, 11 with dysgerminoma, eight with endodermal sinus tumor, and two with mixed germ cell tumor. Twenty-three patients had International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage I (Ia, 11; Ib, 2; Ic, 10), one had stage II, seven had stage III, and four had stage IV disease.

Results

Five patients with stage III or IV disease received radical surgery. Thirty patients underwent conservative surgery. As the adjuvant treatment, 30 patients received chemotherapy, while five patients did not receive any chemotherapy. The overall survival rate was 97.1%. One patient died of the disease. She was 13 years old with a stage IV endodermal sinus tumor. Twelve have attempted conception, and eight have achieved at least one pregnancy (66.7%).

Conclusions

Irrespective of the stage of the disease, conservative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy for MGCTO can achieve a favorable outcome in terms of survival and fertility.

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