RNA interference targeting of sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 1 protects human granulosa cells from apoptosis

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Abstract

Aim:

Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 1 (SMPD1) plays an essential role in initiating the female germ cell death signal. To evaluate whether RNA interference has potential as a new approach in germ cell protection, we tested the effect of SMPD1 knockdown on human granulosa cells in vitro.

Methods:

We designed and synthesized three small interference RNA (siRNA) sequences targeted on SMPD1 and transfected them into human luteinizing granulosa cells (hGC) in vitro. Forty-eight hours after transfecting with siRNAs, hGC were treated with mitomycin C (MMC) to induce apoptosis. mRNA was detected with quantitative RT-PCR and protein was detected with Western blot. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was used to measure cell survival rate and detection of apoptotic rate of cells with Annexin V-PI staining by flow cytometer (FCM). Study groups were compared with liposome (lipofectamine 2000), MMC control and negative control siRNA.

Results:

After treatment with siRNA targeted to SMPD1, significant SMPD1 suppression occurred. After knockdown expression of SMPD1, the survival rate of hGC increased from 32.3% to 40.3%, and the apoptosis rate decreased from 68.3% to 44%.

Conclusion:

siRNA targeted on SMPD1 can protect hGC cells from apoptosis. These results reveal SMPD1 as a significant and effective target site for RNAi in the protection of human germ cells, which may have a direct bearing on future therapeutic research.

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