To evaluate differences in uteroplacental blood flow and pregnancy outcome in women with idiopathic recurrent spontaneous miscarriage (IRSM) following administration of micronized vaginal progesterone and oral dydrogesterone.Methods:
One hundred and thirty-three women (aged 23–40 years) who had had early miscarriages and spontaneous conception participated. Oral dydrogesterone (group A, n = 51) and micronized vaginal progesterone (group B, n = 50) were administrated for luteal support and compared. Pregnant women without history of recurrent miscarriage served as controls (group C, n = 32). The outcome measures consisted of endometrial blood flow parameters by Doppler indices and ongoing pregnancy rate.Results:
Before progesterone supplementation, resistivity index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) were found to be significantly higher in groups A and B as compared to controls. Although statistically not significant, end diastolic velocity (EDV) and systolic/diastolic (S/D) ratio was found to be superior in controls than IRSM women. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) was comparable between IRSM and non-IRSM groups. Following progesterone supplementation, groups A and B showed a highly significant reduction in RI, PI and an increase in EDV. A relative increase in the value of PSV was observed in group A as compared to group B. There was remarkable difference in S/D in both groups. Although not statistically significant, group C showed reduction in RI, PI, PSV, EDV and S/D ratio. Pregnancy salvage rates were higher in group A (92.0%) as compared to group B (82.3%).Conclusion:
Progesterone supplementation appears to lower vascular resistance in women with IRSM. Oral dydrogesterone appears to be equally effective in improving endometrial blood flow as compared with micronized progesterone.