Role of postprandial bile acids in prediction of perinatal outcome in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

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Abstract

Aim:

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of fasting and postprandial total bile acids (fTBA, ppTBA) in prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP).

Material and Methods:

A total of 111 patients, 57 with ICP and 54 controls, were evaluated for preterm birth (PTB), meconium-stained amnion (MSA), neonatal intensive-care unit admission and asphyxia. We further classified the ICP group as mild and severe. Logistic regression was performed to evaluate the associated biochemical and clinical parameters with adverse perinatal outcomes.

Results:

In the ICP group, PTB, asphyxia, admission to neonatal intensive-care unit, and MSA were more frequently observed (P = 0.001, P = 0.027, P = 0.006 and P = 0.030, respectively). In subgroup analysis, PTB was more frequent in severe ICP cases than in mild cases (P = 0.028). Fasting and ppTBA were positively correlated with serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels. Postprandial TBA and difference between fasting and postprandial TBA levels were associated with asphyxia (P = 0.014 and P = 0.023, respectively). Gestational age at diagnosis and fTBA were associated with adverse perinatal outcomes (P = 0.001 and P = 0.025, respectively).

Conclusion:

Postprandial TBA and difference of fasting and postprandial TBA are associated with asphyxia in ICP. The gestational age at diagnosis and fTBA are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes.

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