A rare case of leiomyosarcoma localized in the Bartholin's gland area and review of the literature

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Abstract

Sarcomas of the vulva in the Bartholin's gland area are extremely rare in adults and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. A 65-year-old female patient without any previous complaint presented to our hospital complaining of a genital lump with progressive enlargement over the last six months. Pelvic examination revealed a 6 × 5 cm solid mass lesion with irregular margins localized in the left Bartholin's gland. Preoperative pathology results indicated a benign lesion, which was subsequently totally excised. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed leiomyosarcoma. When a lesion is localized in the Bartholin's gland area, preoperative biopsy may suggest benign cytology, which can lead to a delay in diagnosis and curative treatment. Total local excision is the first choice for vulvar-complicated masses in the Bartholin's gland area. The present case is the ninth well-documented case reported in the literature.

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