Analysis of pregnancy outcome and decline of anti-Müllerian hormone after laparoscopic cystectomy for ovarian endometriomas

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Abstract

Aim:

Excision of ovarian endometrioma (OE) may induce the reduction of ovarian reserve. We evaluated pregnancy outcomes after laparoscopic cystectomy (LC), and the pre- and postoperative levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) to consider the ovarian reserve.

Methods:

We enrolled 40 women with OE and 16 women with benign ovarian tumors who hoped to have a child and who underwent LC. To evaluate the ovarian reserve of 40 patients (OE group, n = 24; non-OE group, n = 16), we measured serum AMH levels before and after the surgery.

Results:

In the 40 women who underwent LC for OE, the cumulative pregnancy rate was 50%. Prior to the cystectomy, serum AMH levels in the OE group, especially in patients over the age of 35, were significantly lower than those in the non-OE group. Rate of decline in serum AMH in the OE group was significant compared with that in the non-OE group 6 months after surgery. In patients over the age of 35 in the OE group, AMH levels 1 year after surgery decreased noticeably.

Conclusion:

LC for OE could be a preferred surgical approach, but effective therapeutic strategies will have to be developed to prevent damage to the ovarian reserve, especially for older patients.

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