Impact of An Innovative Inpatient Patient Navigator Program on Length of Stay and 30-Day Readmission

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The current climate of increasing patient complexity coupled with rising costs have prompted the need for adaptive innovation. There are limited data describing inpatient interventions targeting improvements in both communication and transitional care.

OBJECTIVE:

Evaluate the patient navigator (PN) program, an innovative inpatient intervention intended to enhance navigation through the complexity of hospital admissions for patients and providers.

INTERVENTION:

PNs were dedicated patient-care facilitators without clinical responsibilities integrated as full members of the inpatient care team responsible for enhancing communication between and among patients and providers.

DESIGN:

Observational retrospective cohort study.

PATIENTS:

All patients admitted to the general medical service between July 2010 and March 2014.

SETTING:

Academic medical center.

MEASUREMENTS:

Primary outcomes were hospital length of stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission rate matched by case mix group, age category, and resource intensity weight.

RESULTS:

Our matched cohort included 5628 admissions (4592 patients) exposed and 2213 admissions (1920 patients) not exposed to PNs. Admissions with PNs were 1.3 days (21%) shorter than admission without PNs (6.2 vs 7.5 days, P < 0.001). Thirty-day readmission rate was not different between the 2 groups (13.1 vs 13.8%, P = 0.48).

CONCLUSION:

Implementation of this intervention was associated with a reduction in LOS without an increase in 30-day readmission. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2015;10:799–803. © 2015 Society of Hospital Medicine

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