The expression of the two human interleukin (IL)-8 receptors, designated IL-8RA (CXCR-1) and IL-8RB (CXCR-2), on the surface of whole blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) was determined by use of receptor-specific monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry. Sixteen subjects each were included in 4 study groups: healthy blood donors (ND), patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), human immunodeficiency virus type 1-seropositive patients (HIV), and HIV-1-seropositive subjects with pulmonary tuberculosis (HIV/TB). A significant reduction in the percentage of PMNL expressing IL-8RA and IL-8RB and in their respective fluorescence intensities was found in TB, HIV, and HIV/TB groups compared with that obtained for the ND group. The greatest downregulation of both receptors occurred in the HIV/TB group. Furthermore, associated with this reduced expression of IL-8 receptors was impairment of both intracellular calcium flux and migration of PMNL in response to IL-8 in a group of HIV/TB patients compared with that in healthy persons.