Induction ofβ2 Integrin-Dependent Neutrophil Adhesion to Human Alveolar Epithelial Cells by Type 1Streptococcus pneumoniaeand Derived Soluble Factors

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is characterized by neutrophil infiltration and variable epithelial injury. Neutrophil adhesion to alveolar epithelial pneumocytes (A549) was measured and demonstrated to be dose-dependent following preincubation of these (A549) pneumocytes with type 1 S. pneumoniae. Adhesion peaked at a bacteria-to-epithelial cell ratio of 5:1 after a 4-h incubation but was absent after 2 h and without FMLP. Filtered conditioned media (CM) from pneumococci cultured with (CM+) or without (CM) epithelial cells were tested. CM+ induced significant adhesion in the absence of FMLP (P < .001); CM had no effect. In the presence of FMLP, adhesion induced by both media was significantly greater than by FMLP alone (P < .001) and was significantly blocked (P < .01) by antibodies to CD11b and CD18. CM+ upregulated epithelial intercellular adhesion molecule 1 but CM did not. These data provide new information concerning the interactions of S. pneumoniae, alveolar epithelial cells, and neutrophils.

    loading  Loading Related Articles