Full-Length Sequence Analysis of thevacAGene from Cytotoxic and NoncytotoxicHelicobacter pylori

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Some clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori fail to express vacuolating cytotoxin, despite possessing a copy of the vacA gene on the chromosome. To gain insight into the differences between vacA from cytotoxic and noncytotoxic strains, the vacA open-reading frames from 16 cytotoxic and 22 noncytotoxic strains were sequenced. Mutations that cause truncation of VacA in 11 of 22 noncytotoxic strains were identified, including internal duplication, large deletion, 1-bp insertion, and non-sense mutations. In contrast, none of the 16 cytotoxic strains had any truncation of VacA. Four cytotoxic strains had inserted sequences downstream of vacA. Three were mini-IS605, and the other was a putative rfaJ gene that encodes lipopolysaccharide glucosyltransferase. The rfaJ gene identified in this study had a poly(C) tract, resulting in premature termination of the gene product. The phylogenetic tree based on the vacA open-reading frame indicated that two different H. pylori lineages are circulating in Japan and the West.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles