Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1 Challenges the Neuroprotective Functions of the Choroidal Epithelium and Induces Neurotoxicity

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


To probe encephalopathy pathogenesis during toxic shock syndrome (TSS), we investigated the fate of bloodborne TSS toxin-1 (TSST-1) as it moves through the choroid plexus epithelium that forms the main blood-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barrier and the effect that TSST-1 has on choroidal barrier properties and on cultured neuronal cell viability. TSST-1 showed a slow, diffusional movement across a cellular model of the blood-CSF barrier but did not compromise the integrity of the barrier. Relevant to the acute symptoms of TSS, a combination of human leukocytes and the toxin induced a decrease in CSF clearance of the pyrogenic prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). The direct effects that TSST-1 had on primary cortical neuron cultures and a neuronal cell line involved elevated caspase 3/7 levels, which correlated with an increase in neuronal cell death. The results of the present study suggest that TSST-1 can affect the brain, by inducing both an intracerebral increase in PGE2 concentration and caspase-dependent neuronal death, which are possibly relevant to long-term intoxication

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles