Background. This study examined the therapeutic effects of an orally active nonpeptide kinin B1 receptor antagonist, BI113823, in a clinically relevant experimental model of polymicrobial sepsis in rats.
Methods. Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Animals received treatment with either vehicle or BI113823. The experiment was terminated in the first set of animals 15 hours after CLP. Seven-day survival following CLP was determined in the second set of animals.
Results. Compared with vehicle treatment, administration of BI113823 reduced neutrophil and macrophage infiltration, reduced cytokine production, attenuated intestinal mucosal hyperpermeability, prevented hemodynamic derangement, and improved cardiac output. Furthermore, administration of BI113823 reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and the injury score in the lung and attenuated nuclear factor ĸB activation and apoptosis in the liver. Treatment with BI113823 also reduced plasma levels of cardiac troponin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, urea, and lactate, as well as proteinuria. Finally, administration of BI113823 improved the 7-day survival rate following CLP in rats.
Conclusions. Administration of BI113823 reduced systemic and tissue inflammatory responses, prevented hemodynamic derangement, attenuated multiorgan injury, and improved overall survival.