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This review article provides an overview of lower limb deformity analysis. A brief history and radiographic standards are presented. Deformity analysis is considered in the frontal, sagittal, and axial planes, from simple to more complex cases. The authors recommended analysis methods based on their own experience of deformity correction, while acknowledging that there may be different ways to treat individual cases. Subsequently, methods for osteotomy planning to address the identified deformities are discussed.