Surgical Repair of Neglected Bucket-Handle Meniscal Tears Displaced into the Intercondylar Notch: Clinical and Radiological Results

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The literature contains very limited articles wherein the treatment results of bucket-handle meniscal tears according to various types are evaluated and wherein results for repair of chronic tears are discussed. The objective of this study is a clinical and radiologic evaluation of arthroscopic repair for patients suffering flipped, neglected chronic bucket-handle meniscal tear in the intercondylar notch. A total of 26 patients were evaluated retrospectively. The mean age at the time of surgery was 27 years (range, 16-44). Mean period from meniscal injury to surgery was 28 months (range, 4-96). The mean follow-up period was 31 months (range, 11-67). During the follow-up, the patients were evaluated clinically, functional scores from the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Lysholm, and Tegner as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The mean preoperative Lysholm score of 24 increased to 85 postoperatively. Mean IKDC score was 56.3 preoperatively and 84.5 postoperatively. The mean Tegner score of 3.4 increased to 5.6 postoperatively. Mean Lysholm, IKDC, and Tegner scores in the first group were 84, 74, and 5.1, respectively, and in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction group; 86, 85.9, and 5.8. While 20 (77%) out of 26 patients had none of the clinical findings, 6 patients (23%) presented with these findings. Postoperative MRI assessment revealed meniscal healing in 21 patients (27% complete, 54% partial healing) and no healing in 5 patients (19%). A clinical healing rate of 77% and a radiological healing rate of 81% along with statistically significant increases in Lysholm, IKDC, and Tegner scores prove that the repair option is effective for neglected, chronic bucket-handle meniscal tears flipping to the intercondylar notch. This study showed that good results could be achieved with the repair of neglected, chronic period bucket-handle meniscal tears flipping to the intercondylar notch, whether with an accompanying ACL tear or not.

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