Clinical Characteristics of Posterior and Lateral Semicircular Canal Dehiscence

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristic symptoms of and treatments for lateral semicircular canal dehiscence (LSCD) and posterior semicircular canal dehiscence (PSCD) and its proposed mechanism. A dehiscence acquired in any of the semicircular canals may evoke various auditory symptoms (autophony and inner ear conductive hearing loss) or vestibular symptoms (vertigo, the Tullio phenomenon, and Hennebert sign) by creating a “third mobile window” in the bone that enables aberrant communication between the inner ear and nearby structures. A PubMed search was performed using the keywords lateral, posterior, and semicircular canal dehiscence to identify all relevant cases. Our data suggest that PSCD, although clinically rare, is most likely associated with a high-riding jugular bulb and fibrous dysplasia. Patients may experience auditory manifestations that range from mild conductive to extensive sensorineural hearing loss. LSCD is usually associated with chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma.

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