Intracranial Hemangiopericytomas: Recurrence, Metastasis, and Radiotherapy

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BackgroundIntracranial hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are characterized by high recurrence rates and extracranial metastases. Radiotherapy provides an adjunct to surgery, but the timing of therapy and the patients most likely to benefit remain unclear.MethodsA retrospective review of 20 patients with HPC treated at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center between 1985 and 2014 was conducted. Recurrence and metastasis rates along with overall survival (OS) were characterized based on therapeutic approach and tumor pathology using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses.ResultsThe mean age was 45.6 years (range: 19-77). Gross total resection (GTR) was achieved in 13 patients, whereas 5 patients underwent subtotal resection. Median follow-up was 91.5 months (range: 8-357). The 5-, 10-, and 15-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were 61, 41, and 20%, respectively. Six patients developed metastases at an average of 113 months (range: 42-231). OS at last follow-up was 80%. Importantly, immediate postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy (IRT) did not influence RFS compared with surgery alone or OS compared with delayed radiotherapy at the time of recurrence.ConclusionHPCs have high recurrence rates necessitating close follow-up. Surgery remains an important first step, but the timing of radiotherapy for optimal control and OS remains uncertain.

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