Anterior Extension of Tumor is as Important as Tumor Size to Facial Nerve Outcome and Extent of Resection for Vestibular Schwannomas

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ObjectivesWe examined vestibular schwannoma tumor dimension and direction of growth to determine whether these correlate with facial nerve outcome as well as extent of resection (EOR).DesignRetrospective review of prospectively maintained databases.Participants206 patients were a part of this study.Main Outcome MeasuresTumor dimensions were measured using preoperative magnetic resonance imaging, and a series of ratios were then calculated to further characterize tumor dimension. Regression analyses were performed to investigate correlation with facial nerve outcome and EOR.ResultsPatients with tumor extending >1.5 cm anterior to the internal auditory canal (IAC) (AB measurement) were three times more likely to have postoperative House-Brackman grades of 3 or worse. We also found that an EB/BF ratio (representing elongated growth parallel to the IAC axis) ≥1.1 was associated with half the risk of poor facial nerve outcome. Tumors with anterior-posterior diameter (AC measurement) >1.9 cm were five times less likely to undergo gross total resection (GTR). Furthermore, an increased degree of tumor extension into the IAC (DE measurement >2.4 cm) or an increased amount of brainstem compression (EB measurement >1.1 cm) were each associated with a nearly 3-fold decrease in the likelihood of GTR.ConclusionOur study demonstrates that anterior extent of the tumor is as important as tumor size to facial nerve outcome and degree of resection for vestibular schwannomas.

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