Surgical Treatment of Severe Peri-Implantitis Using a Round Titanium Brush for Implant Surface Decontamination: A Case Report With Clinical Reentry

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Abstract

The most common cause of peri-implantitis is the accumulation of plaque and the formation of a biofilm on the implant surface. Terminating the development of the disease requires the biofilm to be removed from the implant surface. This paper describes 2 cases of severe peri-implantitis lesions treated through surgical approaches. Complete mechanical debridement with a round titanium brush was mainly performed to detoxify and modify the affected implant surface. A regenerative approach was then performed. In both cases, the surgical procedure was effective in arresting the peri-implantitis, and clinical reentry revealed uneventful healing of the existing bone defect. No further radiographic bone loss was observed over the 2-year follow-up period. This technique has the advantage of effective cleaning the contaminated implant surface, producing positive clinical and radiological results. However, further studies involving more cases are necessary to verify the reliability and validity of this technique.

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